Plumbing is very basic as it follows 3 simple laws of nature:
- Water seeking its own level.
If you understand this, then you are on the right direction to understanding the mysteries of plumbing. This will help you in making many fixes in your home’s plumbing system thus saving you heaps of trouble, time and money!
Every home, business or plumbing system is built with two different subsystems that are very logical. The first system brings fresh and clean water into your home or business. The 2nd system removes used water from your home or business. Water that enters your home or business is under high pressure, which forces it to travel. This pressure ensures that the water can travel upstairs & wherever it’s required in the home or business. To monitor the amount of water usage in your location, the water travels through a water meter.
All plumbing systems contain a main water shut off stop value. Generally, this is located close to the meter. In most plumbing emergencies, the 1st thing to do is locate the stop valve to turn the water inflow off. Its important you turn the water supply off fast, as your house or business will be flooded in no time.
However, should you discover that the plumbing issues are located in a sink or toilet, then you do not need to use the shutoff to stop supply to the whole system. It is very common that most fixtures have a stop valve to prevent further flooding in the future.
Cold water incoming to the house or business is always ready for your usage. However, your hot water will require another step prior to your use. A pipe carries the water to your hot water system. From the hot water system, a hot water pipe transports the hot water to all taps and appliances that require usage. In order to maintain the temperature on the hot water unit, a thermostat maintains the temperature that you set. The devices heating elements automatically turn on and off to maintain the desired temperature. The recommended hot water temperature for a home is around 140 and 160 degrees F. However, some homeowners set the hot water temperatures to 120 degrees F as its far more economical.
Additionally, it is common that some dishwashers need high water temperatures to help with drying. In these cases, the dishwasher will have their own mini water heaters to increase the temperature by an additional twenty degrees F.